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Reading the Chronology of the Kanjuruhan Tragedy

Reading the Chronology of the Kanjuruhan Tragedy

It claimed 125 lives, the second biggest football tragedy in the world since 1964, is heartbreaking and shameful, and horrific. As usual, the public reacted strongly to the incident, cursing, cursing, and blaming various parties. I involved myself in various discussions in various public spaces, observing, collecting data, and finally speaking up.


Blaming the police with tear gas, which is said to have created crowds and caused panic and cornered the masses at several points, was the reaction of many parties. FIFA forbids this in point 19B of the rules, they say, why did the Police do it…? Many people blamed the police, and after various data were presented, it subsided, and began to think objectively.

There’s a lot going on, there’s a lot of video spread, there’s a lot of speculation, the most important thing for us is to understand the whole thing, from different angles, and study the whole thing so it doesn’t happen again.

Match Preparation

The match was prepared for quite a long time, and involved all relevant stakeholders, the Committee, Football Club, Media, Local Government, Police, and also Supporters. Various things were tried to be done, including the arrangement for the absence of ‘Bonek’ at the match, following the decisions of the Aremania meeting and the Organizing Committee. However, suggestions and requests from the Police regarding the holding hours and limiting the number of spectators were rejected and ignored by the Organizing Committee.

This of course cannot be separated from Indosiar as the TV station that held the live broadcast of the match, and the Organizing Committee who pursued the maximum possible profit from ticket sales, so that in the end the broadcast hours did not change, while the capacity of the stadium which could accommodate 42,499 people was maximized at 42,000 tickets. did not follow the advice of the Police which suggested reducing it to just 25,000 tickets.

The data showed that there were 42,288 supporters who came, meaning that only 211 people outside the supporters were allowed to enter the stadium. Seeing this, if you add the number of Security Forces consisting of elements of the Police and TNI (the exact number has not been obtained), it is certain that the Kanjuruhan Stadium which has 14 doors accommodates the number of people exceeding its capacity. You can imagine, at least 1 door must serve about 7,265 people.

The Police’s request to reduce the number of viewers must be related to the ‘risk assessment’ and ‘risk management’ that are calculated and planned by the Police, in this case, the insistence of the organizers and the live media can be considered as underestimating the Police. The number of available members must also be limited and this is also related to the demand for a decrease in the number of viewers. But what can I say, the match started, the match ended, riots broke out. The police fired tear gas, in accordance with the protocol and Perkap No. 16 of 2006, then many blamed this tear gas by adhering to the rules of FIFA Point 19B.

* Levels and Parent Rules

* Constitution, derivatives of laws, derivatives under Ministerial Regulations, Governor Regulations, National Police Regulations, etc.

* FIFA rules, World football institutions, their derivatives PSSI rules…

* If it is based on the level of regulation, then what should be questioned is PSSI. Is the Kanjuruhan stadium standard in accordance with FIFA standards…? If not, blame PSSI.

* FIFA cannot be placed higher than the Indonesian National Police.

Why not take issue with the standard of a stadium that doesn’t follow FIFA’s rules as its ‘boss’…?

Regarding FIFA Rules

These regulations apply only to matches directly under FIFA, and international matches held under FIFA regulations. From here, it is clear that the rules do not apply to matches in Kanjuruhan.

Rule number 19 which is considered or blamed for violating the Police is intended for Stewards, and Security Officers who are seconded as Stewards. What is “Stewards”…? The definition of Stewards is; “For the purpose of these regulations, a steward is defined as any person employed, hired, contracted or volunteering at the stadium to assist in the management of safety and security of spectators, VIPs/VVIPs, players, officials and any other person at the stadium, excluding those persons solely responsible for the security of designated individuals and members of the police services responsible for maintaining law and order.”

While FIFA regulations articles 9 and 10 also state the existence of a “contingency & emergency plan” for security in the event of a riot. So, when there is a riot, what applies is an “emergency plan”, “force major”.

The whole thing is in line with what I explained earlier, that there is no and it is impossible for the Indonesian National Police to comply with FIFA regulations.

Stadium Manager

The door was opened, the audience came in, then the door was locked, then the doorman went somewhere, when the riots broke out, everyone scrambled to get out, crammed in, squeezed in the room leading to the exit, and several doors were locked. What kind of stadium SOP…? FIFA compliant…? Is there a PSSI standard SOP…? I doubt it. Then then because many were crushed, ran out of oxygen, so many died, was it because of tear gas or because they couldn’t get out of the stadium…?

The public must have the courage to look at the whole incident according to the sequence objectively, not just looking for easy blaming the apparatus, or getting carried away blaming the police and then the government and in the end, Jokowi’s fault. Do not want to be ridden, put everything in position, according to the portion.

Be careful, this world is full of dangers.

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